Digital Twin: Capturing the Definition of Machines and Humans

Written By: David Immerman
  • CAD
  • 1/31/2019
  • Read Time : 4 min
digital-definition

Digital Twin of Humans


Genetics-testing providers have created a business model in telling you the make-up of your identity and DNA origins. What’s invisible to the human eye past the initial ancestry testing fee is where the genetic data goes.

This doesn’t infer it’s being used with malicious intent or for an AI doomsday scenario depicted in Westworld’s Forge servers. It’s potential future benefit can be seen with 23andMe partnering with pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline to leverage 23andMe’s database of over 5 million customers to co-create future medicines, treatments, and therapies based on DNA.

This supports the emerging healthcare concept and usage of genomics, which is solving an onslaught of medical problems and saving lives. This illustrates the trend of manufacturers and healthcare providers seeking out the digital definition of their products and/or the users of their products – whether it is a human or a machine. A digital definition is essentially the software representation of data from physical components & characteristics of a product, machine or system.


Obtaining the digital definition for the industrial sector


While medical equipment is enabling doctors to more fully understand the patient, the data in many industrial settings, such as a factory, is not always readily available.

For example, there can be thousands of legacy machines in an automotive manufacturing plant that might have been installed decades ago, creating a black box of unavailable insights. While IoT has begun to solve this conundrum by connecting the machine and collecting valuable data insights, there is still a deeper layer of the system’s characteristics unknown.

This inaccessible data source is simply too valuable to ignore for industrial companies evaluating digital transformation initiatives to create differentiated products or improve operational effectiveness. We’ve seen an increase in forward-thinking manufacturers adapting a ‘reverse-engineering mindset’ and seeking out the OEMs of machines and systems operating in their facilities for their technical specifications and ultimately create a digital twin. This also is occurring in safety-intensive industries such as aviation and government, where performance is mission-critical, and this level of machine and product detail is required.

This push by industrial companies and manufacturers to seek out the digital definition or ‘DNA’ of both machines they use internally and products they sell are developing powerful digital twin use cases.

Obtaining this ‘digital X-ray’ to see beneath the skin of a deployed system requires both real-time characteristics and historical systems of records. Underpinning these increasingly digital inputs are the machine or product’s computer-aided design (CAD) model and additional context through product lifecycle management (PLM) integrations. Industrial companies equipped with a machine’s granular specifications are then capable of running complex real-time computer-aided engineering (CAE) simulation applications like thermal and structural analysis.

Howden is a real-world case of this through implementing sophisticated purpose-built digital twin analytical models for its customers based on baseline product definition data with real-world IoT performance data.

Industry-wide collaboration and controlled data-sharing is crucial


This digital definition data and analysis will unlock pivotal analysis, but adoption will come with coinciding challenges. A digital twin of a human will naturally bump up against sensitive patient data compliance frameworks and generate questions of who owns his/her data: themselves, the physician, the pharmaceutical company or the genetics test provider?

The same data ownership question will pop up in industrial digital twin use cases and whether the product/machine core technical specifications belong to the parts supplier, OEM, CAD software provider or end user? However, cross-sharing of machine data will likely be less-sensitive and easier to implement among stakeholders then a patient’s data.

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Tags:
  • CAD
  • Industrial Internet of Things
  • PLM

About the Author

David Immerman

David Immerman is a business analyst on PTC’s Corporate Marketing team providing thought leadership on technologies, trends, markets, and other topics. Previously David was an industry analyst in 451 Research’s Internet of Things channel primarily covering the smart transportation space and automotive technology markets, including fleet telematics, connected cars, and autonomous vehicles. He also spent time researching IoT-enabling technologies and other industry verticals including industrial. Prior to 451 Research, David conducted market research at IDC.

Digital Twin: Capturing the Definition of Machines and Humans
Digital twins are beginning to become more complex through more intensive digital definition of data, ranging from the product, machine, and even human.