As the World Spins: Even Textiles Start with 3D CAD

Textiles. Not the first thing that pops into most people’s minds when thinking about mechanical engineering, product design, or CAD software. However, the spinning machinery used to produce textiles is some of the most sophisticated machinery out there.

During the spinning process, fiber is spun into yarn, and then woven into fabrics. From there, materials undergo finishing processes, such as bleaching, to become textiles. The textiles are then fabricated into clothes or other products.

It’s not new idea, but the industry has evolved some since the days of Sleeping Beauty and the eternal sleep.

Don’t do it Aurora! 


Textile spinning out of control

India produces more than 14% of the world's textile fibers and yarns and the country has the highest loom capacity (including hand looms) with 63% of the world’s market share. 

But believe it or not, that may not be enough. Demand is growing, both domestically and from Europe and the US. As such, the textile industry in India plans to increase spinning capacity in the near future. 


Labeled drawing from the era before CAD design.
Ye olde pre-CAD drawing of spinning technology.  Etching by Bénard after Lucotte. Source: Wikimedia

That’s where Lakshmi Machine Works Limited (LMW) of India comes in. Lakshmi is one of only three companies in the world that manufacture a complete range of textile spinning machinery--from the equipment that opens, cleans, and blends bales of material (called the blow room section) to the ring spinners that twist the material into yarns of varying linear density.

early mechanical engineering design of ring spinning mechanism.

Ring spinning mechanism (Modified from Giacomini)


To get an idea of the immensity of LMW’s machinery, watch this:



Finding capacity for the future

The company is well positioned to help other manufacturers meet the incoming deluge of textile business--but only if it can produce new equipment quickly and efficiently. (No pressure, right?)

And that’s where Creo comes in. Creo has given Lakshmi the tools to create designs quickly for a hungry, growing industry. Thirumalai Kumar, DGM, R&D, Machine Tool Division, LMW, says Creo gives design teams the power to “quickly create new options.” In fact, they’ve already reduced design cycle time by 30 %. So now they can focus more on meeting customer needs, and less on wrestling with design software.

As the industry explodes, we’re excited to see what new options LMW creates next.